All students in the School of Political Science and Economics must take the TOEFL-ITP test ("ITP" stands for "Institutional Testing Program") twice during their first year. The first test is given in late March; it is used to place students into Intermediate, Pre-Advanced, or Advanced language classes. The second test comes in November; it is used to measure progress up to that time, and to make sure that students are capable of taking classes in "English: Theme-Based Studies" in their second year. Taking this test is required.  

* Here are some common questions and answers about both the TOEFL and TOEIC tests.

Q: What's the difference between TOEFL and TOEIC?
A: According to the Educational Testing Service, the organization that makes both tests, TOEFL (Test of English as a Foreign Language) is meant to evaluate the English ability of those interested in academic study. Japanese students who plan to study abroad, for example, must usually take this in order to be accepted by North American colleges and universities. TOEFL is also used as a placement test, as a test to measure progress in a language-training program, and as an "exit test" to make sure that students have reached a certain level of English ability when they finish a program of language study.

TOEIC is intended to measure English ability in the global workplace. Companies often use it to make decisions about recruitment, promotion, and sending employees overseas. TOEIC is also used as a placement test, as a means of measuring the effectiveness of language-training programs, and as an exit test for such programs.

TOEFL, in other words, focuses more on how language is used in academic contexts, while TOEIC focuses more on how language is used in global business and commerce.

Q: What's the difference between the ITP/IP versions of the tests and the official versions?
A: The ITP/IP versions are copies of official tests that have been used before. This means there is a very small chance that some test takers will have seen the questions before. As a result, ITP/IP scores are not usually accepted as official scores. However, the results of the ITP/IP versions of the tests are normally very close to the results students get on the official tests. These tests can therefore be considered an inexpensive and accurate way of measuring your ability in English.

Q: How long does each test last?
A: The TOEFL-ITP test lasts for 115 minutes and contains three sections. It starts with a 35-minute listening-comprehension section. This is followed by a 25-minute section on structure and written expression and then a 55-minute section on reading . Unlike the official version of the test, the TOEFL-ITP does not have an essay section. All of the questions are multiple-choice questions.

The TOEIC-IP test lasts for two hours. It has two sections: listening and reading. Each section contains 100 multiple-choice questions. The listening section lasts about 45 minutes and contains questions on photographs, short-response questions, and questions on short conversations and short talks. The reading section lasts about 75 minutes and contains questions on incomplete sentences, error recognition, and reading comprehension.

For more information about TOEFL and TOEIC, visit the Japanese TOEFL site, the Japanese TOEIC site, the English TOEFL site, or the English TOEIC site. Here you will find, in addition to more detailed information, some sample questions that will help you practice for the tests, including the new Internet-based (ITB) TOEFL test that started in September 2005.